Advanced Techniques for HTML Formatting


html center text

To center text in HTML, you can use the <center> tag, although it’s considered deprecated in HTML5. The recommended way is to use CSS to center text. Here’s an example of both methods:

Using <center> tag (deprecated):


<p>This text is centered using the center tag.</p>


Using CSS:


.center-text {

text-align: center;



<div class=”center-text”>

<p>This text is centered using CSS.</p>


The CSS method is more up-to-date and offers better control and flexibility over alignment within your HTML document.

html italics

To italicize text in HTML, you can use the <em> tag or the <i> tag. Both tags are used to emphasize text and render it in italics. Here’s an example of both:

Using <em> tag:

<p>This is <em>italicized</em> text using the <em>em</em> tag.</p>

Using <i> tag:

<p>This is <i>italicized</i> text using the <i>i</i> tag.</p>

Both <em> and <i> tags will make the enclosed text appear in italics. The <em> tag, however, is semantically used to denote emphasis, while <i> is more general for italicizing text.

html coding

Certainly! If you’d like to display HTML code within a text or explain HTML tags without having them rendered as actual HTML elements, you can use HTML entities or HTML escape sequences.

For instance, to display a sample HTML <div> element without it being interpreted as an actual element, you can use the following:

&lt;div&gt;This is a div element&lt;/div&gt;

This will be displayed as:

<div>This is a div element</div>

The &lt; and &gt; are HTML entities representing the < and > characters, respectively. This prevents the browser from treating the enclosed text as HTML code.

If you’re working within an HTML document and want to display HTML code, you can also enclose the code within <code> or <pre> tags to maintain the formatting:

Using <code> tag:


&lt;div&gt;This is a div element&lt;/div&gt;


Using <pre> tag:



This is a div element



Both <code> and <pre> tags preserve the whitespace and formatting of the enclosed text, allowing you to display HTML code without executing it.

bold html

To make text bold in HTML, you can use the <strong> tag or the <b> tag. Both are used to emphasize text and render it in a bold font weight. Here’s an example of both:

Using <strong> tag:

<p>This is <b>bold</b> text using the <b>b</b> tag.</p>

Both <strong> and <b> tags will make the enclosed text appear in bold. The <strong> tag, however, is semantically used to denote stronger importance, such as emphasis, while <b> is more general for bolding text.

html canvas

The HTML <canvas> element is used to create graphics and visual content dynamically on a web page using JavaScript. It provides a drawable region defined in your HTML code where you can use JavaScript to draw shapes, lines, text, and images.

Here’s a basic example of how you might use the <canvas> element:

<!DOCTYPE html>



<title>Canvas Example</title>



<canvas id=”myCanvas” width=”400″ height=”200″ style=”border:1px solid black;”></canvas>


// Get the canvas element

var canvas = document.getElementById(“myCanvas”);

if (canvas.getContext) {

// Get the 2D context for drawing on the canvas

var ctx = canvas.getContext(“2d”);

// Draw a red rectangle

ctx.fillStyle = “red”;

ctx.fillRect(50, 50, 200, 100);

// Draw a blue line

ctx.strokeStyle = “blue”;

ctx.lineWidth = 5;


ctx.moveTo(100, 150);

ctx.lineTo(300, 150);


// Draw text

ctx.fillStyle = “black”;

ctx.font = “20px Arial”;

ctx.fillText(“Hello, Canvas!”, 50, 30);

} else {

// Canvas not supported

alert(“Canvas is not supported in your browser.”);





In this example:

The <canvas> element is created with an ID of “myCanvas” and given a width and height.

JavaScript is used to get the canvas element and its 2D context (getContext(“2d”)).

Drawing operations like filling a rectangle (fillRect), drawing a line (beginPath, moveTo, lineTo, stroke), and adding text (fillText) are performed on the canvas using the 2D context.

You can draw various shapes, create animations, work with images, and more using the <canvas> element along with JavaScript. It’s a powerful tool for creating dynamic and interactive graphics on web pages.

beautify html

“Beautifying” HTML generally refers to formatting it in a more readable and organized way without changing its functionality. While you can manually indent and structure your HTML code, there are various online tools and text editors that can help automate this process for you.

Using Online Tools:

HTML Formatter/Beautifier Websites: There are numerous websites like FreeFormatter, Online HTML Beautifier, and Code Beautify that allow you to paste your HTML code and format it according to your preferences.

Using Text Editors:

Visual Studio Code: If you’re using Visual Studio Code, there are extensions like “Prettier – Code formatter” that can format HTML (and other languages) according to defined settings.

Sublime Text: Sublime Text also has plugins available, such as “HTML-CSS-JS Prettify,” that can format HTML code within the editor.

Manual Formatting:

If you prefer to format manually, follow these tips:

Use indentation to represent the structure of your HTML elements. For example, indent child elements within their parent elements.

Utilize line breaks to separate different sections, elements, or attributes for better readability.

Maintain consistent spacing between elements and attributes.

Here’s an example of a “before” and “after” formatting:

Before Formatting:

<!DOCTYPE html><html><head><title>Sample</title></head><body><h1>Welcome</h1><p>This is a sample paragraph.</p></body></html>

After Formatting:

<!DOCTYPE html>







<p>This is a sample paragraph.</p>



By properly formatting your HTML, it becomes easier to read, understand, and maintain, especially when working on larger projects or collaborating with others.

html underline

To underline text in HTML, you can use the <u> tag. However, the <u> tag has been deprecated in HTML5 in favor of using CSS for styling purposes. Here’s how you can underline text using both methods:

Using <u> tag (deprecated):

<p>This is an <u>underlined</u> text using the <u>u</u> tag.</p>

Using CSS:


.underline-text {

text-decoration: underline;




<p class=”underline-text”>This is an underlined text using CSS.</p>

he CSS method is recommended for modern web development as it separates content from presentation. The text-decoration: underline; CSS property underlines the text without relying on deprecated HTML tags like <u>.

div html

In HTML, the <div> element is a block-level container used to group and structure content. It’s a versatile element and doesn’t carry any specific meaning on its own but serves as a generic container that can hold other HTML elements, allowing you to style and manipulate them collectively.

Here’s an example of how you might use a <div> element:

<!DOCTYPE html>



<title>Div Example</title>


/* CSS for styling the div */

.my-div {

width: 300px;

height: 200px;

background-color: lightblue;

border: 1px solid blue;

padding: 20px;





<div class=”my-div”>

<h2>This is a div element</h2>

<p>It can contain other elements like headings, paragraphs, images, etc.</p>




In this example:

<div class=”my-div”> creates a <div> element with a class name of “my-div”.

The CSS style .my-div defines the appearance of this div element, setting its width, height, background color, border, and padding.

Inside the <div>, there are other HTML elements such as <h2> and <p>.

The <div> element is often used in combination with CSS for layout purposes, to group elements for styling, or to apply JavaScript functionality to a specific section of content on a web page. Its flexibility allows for structuring content and applying styles or behaviors to a group of elements.

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